Joggins Fossil Cliffs and Center – Nova Scotia

The Bay of Fundy, with its massive tides of 13 meters (42ft), reveals amazing creations during low tides. When the water hits the walls, it carves textures and it exposes the solid base of what we walk on.

There are different ways to explore the natural beauty of the bay. One of them is at Joggins Fossil Cliffs.

This small Nova Scotia village on the northern part of the bay has no big signs to announce its remarkable site. In fact, the publicity on this place is reserved like a treasure that we want to keep secret. Famous geologists came to this location more than 150 years ago to confirm the theory of life on earth, evolution and pre-historic time.    

Traces of a period prior to the dinosaurs had been found here in the mid-19th century. In fact, experts confirmed that the rare example of the first specimen of life able to reproduce on land was revealed here. The excitement of the crew was probably unsurpassed. These findings are once in a lifetime. Today, the sea floor gives the possibility for you and me to look around and to turn rocks over in the hopes of discovering a new unique specimen. The experienced guide will patiently confirm your fossil findings.

In the cold climate of Canada, it is difficult to assert that the land of the village at this location is a representation of a dense rainforest ecosystem dating back to more than 300 million years ago.  The fossils found at this location are dominantly from flora and trees.

The 14.7km (9miles) of coastal rock, recognized by the UNESCO World Heritage Site, has a never-ending change of backdrop due to the impact of water that hits the cliffs twice daily and moves along the ocean floor.

A visitor center combined with a museum and available guided tours provides a better understanding of the place and the discoveries.

Sir Charles Lyell and Charles Dawson discoveries were praised. Part of Dawson’s collection is at the Redpath Museum in Montreal.

Prior to the discovery of this site, in the late 17th century, it was a main coal mining area.