Originally named Parliament Square, the name was subsequently changed at a few occasions.
As its original name indicates, the square is actually a good photo opportunity of the parliament and other surrounding buildings and monuments. You will find the museum of Ethinography, the Ministry of Agriculture, statues representing important figures as well as a memorial of the October 23rd 1956 events.
I’m probably missing some. Sorry, it’s not on purpose. It will add to your journey!
October 23rd 1956 memorial
On that date, an important revolution started on the ground of the Kossuth Square. A revolution against the Soviet. It lasted until November 10th 1956. It began as a protest for a more democratic political system and freedom form Soviet oppression. While at first it looked promising, the Soviet responded strongly, and not without injuries and casualties. It is a dark moment in Hungarian history.
Imry Nagy was a Hungarian leader who tried to restore peace by asking the Soviet to withdraw. His efforts were futile, and he was killed. There is a monument not far from the square.
The October 23rd, 1956 memorial is discrete on the ground level. A metal panel fence with bullet holes and a sign indicating ‘1956’ marks the entrance. To access it, take the stairs going down. The memorial is free, and it is like a bunker area. It presents facts, images and testimonies to remember the ones who lost their lives for the freedom of a country. It marks a sad moment in history that happened not so long ago.
Kossuth was a natural Hungarian orator who was known not only in Europe but in North America as well. He was a lawyer as was his father. He was a journalist and politician during difficult years. Lajos Kossut was widely esteemed for his independence speeches and fighter for democracy. He is recognized even in USA where a bronze bust is exhibited in the Capitol in Washington.
The bronze statue in the Kossuth Square presents Kossuth pointing towards a brighter future. He is supported by others.
Statue of Francis II Rákóczi
The statue of an equestrian in the square is Francis II Rakoczi. For his vision and effort, he is considered a hero in the eyes of Hungarians. As a leader, he publicly expressed his views against the Habsburg dynasty and reinforced the important of Hungarian independence.
Statue of Attila József
His life was not an easy one. As it turned out, he was able to attend university where he learned French. He is now recognized for his poetry.
Museum of Ethnography
I must admit that I’ve taken many photos of this building. The 3-horse chariot on top and the sculptures around the top of the building is very nice.
The architect of this building was a runner up for the Parliament building contest. It was originally used as a Palace of Justice and has since changed purposes on few occasions. It was used as a Supreme Court until 1945. Its last occupation was for the Museum of Ethnography where 1900 Hungarian life was presented with costumes and furniture. However, it is currently closed until 2023.